South Western is a rail company providing passenger services from London Waterloo to destinations in Surrey, Hampshire, Somerset, Dorset, Berkshire, Wiltshire and Devon on the South Western, Portsmouth Direct and West England main lines. In 2007, the franchise was combined with the smallest franchise for the Island Line on the Isle of Wight. Franchises have already been virtually suspended when, at the beginning of the pandemic ban, the government took action and injected about $3.5 billion into the railway to keep it in operation when passenger numbers collapsed. First Group`s TransPennine Express (TPE) rail franchise is also active under an ERMA and the agreement procedure on the amount of the TPE deductible has been extended by the DfT until the end of January 2021. As previously announced, the existing emergency agreement for the Great Western Railway (GWR) has already been extended until June 2021. “We welcome this agreement, which is an evolution of the contractual framework of our Avanti cable and train operators, both in the provision of resistant services throughout the coronavirus pandemic and in a long-term sustainable approach,” said Matthew Gregory, Chief Executive Officer of First. This is where lawyers get involved and franchises end up offering with double shame fees and never being invited again. He initially added that discussions on a similar end to the TransPennine Express franchise should be completed by the end of January, while the Great Western Railway ERMA had already been extended until June 2021. In December 1995, the director of Passenger Rail Franchising granted the franchise to South West Trains, a subsidiary of Stagecoach.
  The operation began on February 4, 1996.  FirstGroup plc has agreed with the Department of Transportation on the next steps for the South Western Railway and West Coast Partnership, which include Avanti West Coast and the HS2 ghost operator (together, Avanti). Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) has confirmed that its contract expires in September 2021, when the franchise was to be renewed. Franchise operators will not yet be scrapped, but will continue to work under a management contract preceded by TfL`s contract with the London Overground. Under these agreements, rail operators have until mid-December 2020 to agree with the DfT if they terminate their existing franchise agreements, whereas if they refuse, they will also lose their pandemic financial aid from January, so that in reality they will have no choice in this matter and will only have to agree on finances.