Although the trade war has led to an increase in employment in some sectors, the tariffs have led to a net loss of jobs in U.S. manufacturing. The trade war reduced the U.S. trade deficit with China in 2019, but that trend reversed in 2020, with the trade deficit returning to its pre-trade war level, while the U.S. overall trade deficit widened.  The United States and China have several unresolved issues regarding bilateral trade between the two countries. The trade deficit between China and the United States has increased significantly, with the volume of imports from China growing much faster than U.S. exports to China. This large trade deficit was a matter of concern to both economists and policymakers. Some argue that this is an indicator of China`s unfair trade practices, while others attribute the imbalance to the strength of China`s economy and production systems, which are heavily influenced by state intervention. The Trump administration has put in place several tariffs measures to reduce the trade imbalance. But these victories have a high price. The uncertainty created by Trump`s tariff threats and his approach to trade has weighed on the economy, raised prices for businesses and consumers, stunted business investment and slowed growth around the world.
Companies engaged in China, such as Deere & Company and Caterpillar, have laid off some workers and reduced revenue expectations, in part by referring to the trade war. Since the 1980s, President Trump has often advocated tariffs to reduce the United States. Trade deficit and promotion of domestic production, said the country was being “ripped off” by its trading partners and that the introduction of tariffs was an important part of his presidential campaign.      In early 2011, he stated that because China had manipulated its currency, “it is almost impossible for our companies to compete with Chinese companies.”  At the time, Alan Tonelson of the U.S. Business and Industry Council said china`s undervaluation level was at least 40% and said tariffs were the only way to remedy this situation: “Nothing else has worked, nothing else will work.”  “This Phase 1 deal is an extreme disappointment to me and to millions and millions of Americans who want to see that we are playing China fairly,” Schumer told the Senate. This resulted in bumps. At times, the United States has taken the opportunity to take ambitious leadership positions by concluding the Uruguay Round, NAFTA, and global agreements in telecommunications, financial services, and information technology, introducing the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), strengthening the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Forum, encouraging Mexico`s international financial rescue, and subsequently, from East Asia, the Free Trade Agreement between the United States A and Jordan and the bilateral agreement between the United States and Vietnam. Trade agreement and mediation of China`s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).