As with all legal documents, the devil is in the details when it comes to important considerations that an investor must make before accepting a stunt. In particular, while the structure of the waterfall is easily identifiable, a much more nuanced approach is taken when it comes to defining the measurements. For example, “return on capital” can be defined as the total paid-up capital that is made on the investments made or as an overall capital that is allocated to investments, capital expenditures and operating expenses, each definition having a significant impact on the outcome of the calculation. Please contact Parker McCay`s company department to discuss specific considerations to consider before approving a stunt scheme. Distribution waterfalls are generally used in situations where a customer wants to create an LLC, opt for partnership taxation and provide for a varied (i.e. non-proportional) economy among members. The rules for waterfalls (or colloquially “waterfalls”) are provisions that require the distribution of a limited liability company or company among investors. Simple partnership or LLC agreements often require a distribution of profits relative to the value of an investor`s investment. For example, members who have invested 50%, 30% and 20% of start-up financing receive this share of profits. However, some sectors and businesses (such as real estate companies and private equity funds) often encourage business leaders to contribute a smaller share of the initial capitalization, while they benefit from their returns on a more attractive schedule.
Managers-favorite waterfalls take a number of variations, but all have some common components. In general, waterfalls can be classified as either “European” or “American.” These styles are also often called “back-end” stunts and “deal-by-deal” stunts, respectively. The difference between the two styles lies in the fact that the manager`s incentive, called “carried interest”, is initiated. On the European model, a director is only entitled to transferred interest if the entire company obtains the expected “preferred return”, i.e. the minimum amount of return to be paid to investors before the payment of the transferred interest. On the other hand, the American style requires that transferred interest be awarded on a deal-by-deal basis, regardless of the company`s overall performance. The next step in understanding a cascade is to identify the levels in the distribution structure. Steps will dictate the steps that each dollar of distribution will take before being fully paid. A current scenario may require a maximum of four levels, although this can be adapted by agreement between the parties, whose elements (1) are a return on investment; (2) a preferential return; (3) the catch-up regime; and (4) transferred interest.